Causes and Symptoms of Alopecia Areata Monolocularis

Alopecia Areata Monolocularis is a disorder that affects hair on the human body. It is classified as an autoimmune disease, wherein the body essentially “attacks itself” and in the process destroys its own cells and tissue.

The term alopecia refers to the loss of hair. There are different alopecia types, the most common of which is widely known as pattern baldness.
This normally affects men over a period of years, leading to less hair atop one’s head, especially in the area around the temples and the crown. However, this differs from alopecia areata monolocularis, which can develop in only a day. The disease can affect women at the same rate as men, and even individuals as young as teen-agers.
The area initially affected can be as small as a dime, or an area three to four inches in diameter. Besides the loss of hair, the person may experience pain in the affected area.
Alopecia areata monolocularis is in reference to the initial stage of the disease, with the different alopecia types varying upon their severity. The initial stage will affect the growth of hair on the person’s head, but if the spot remains small, it can probably be covered with a change in combing style.
However, in a small number of cases, it can spread to rest of his or her body. Later stages of the disease will affect two or more areas, whose size and proximity to each other vary among sufferers. This stage can take place over a period of from a month to a year, and eventually the hairless spots will merge to form larger areas of baldness.
Eventually, the sufferer may experience total baldness, as though the person’s head has been shaven. In its extreme form, the disease will result in a loss of hair over the entire body, including the eyebrows and nasal hair.
The focus of the treatment does not concentrate on the loss of hair, but rather on the underlying autoimmune disorder. Steriods and such immune suppressing agents as cortisone of Minoxidil have found to be beneficial. Treatment is most effective during the early stages of the disease.
During the later stages, treatment can only prevent it from spreading to the rest of the body. Treatment is not always successful, and in these cases will not replace the hair that has been lost. In other cases, the bald areas will return as soon as the treatment is stopped.

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