All about Alopecia

What is Alopecia?

Alopecia is a disease of the body’s autoimmune system, in which the body’s own defenses seek to attack the hair follicles. This attack results in the hair follicles ceasing to produce new hair growth. Because this disease varies widely from person to person, it is difficult for health care professionals to accurately predict the scope of the disease or the efficacy of treatment.

Autoimmune diseases are the result of a body’s immune system suddenly treating the body’s own tissues as if they are foreign cells that must be destroyed. In Alopecia, the hair follicles become inflamed as a result of white blood cells clustering around the base of the hair follicle. The inflammation causes a healthy hair to fall out of the follicle and inhibits new hair from growing to replace it.

This results in partial and localized hair loss, usually to the scalp. This hair loss may be temporary, with full growth returning at a future point, or the disease may progress to Alopecia Universalis, in which all hair on the body ceases to grow.

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