What is alopecia totalis


Alopecia totalis is characterized by hair loss. It is an auto-immune disease that results in the total loss of hair on the scalp. The signs and symptoms of the disease is that the process of hair loss can be gradually or sudden. Alopecia areata totalis is first observed by a patches of hair loss on the scalp. This further leads to the total loss of hair on the scalp. Those that are prone to this disease are normally under the age of 40. It is also possible for the condition to affect the growth of nails. This disease will often lead to nails being brittle and irregular.

The condition is caused by an auto-immune disease. Therefore, the immune system will attack hair follicles resulting in hair loss. Given that the root of the air is destroyed, it is almost impossible to recover damaged hair even though here have been cases of total hair recovery in the past. There is an unknown genetic trigger that causes the immune system to attack hair follicles. The environmental reason that triggers this response is also unknown.

The first symptom of Alopecia totalis is the loss of a small patch of hair on the head. The blank patch on the head may be characterized by a tingly feeling or pain. Another symptom of the disease is that the hair loss seems to be concentrated on one side of the scalp before advancing to the next side. Hair loss will also tend to happen within a short period of time. Another symptom of the disease is the ability to easily pull out ones hair. It is also possible for hair loss to go into remission sometimes while it could appear on other parts other than the scalp but this occurrence is unlikely.

The most popular treatment on the market is with the corticosteroid, clobetasol. Corticosteroids can come in the form of creams or injections. These steroid injections are normally applied to the affected area. This form of treatment is ideal where the patches of hair loss are small. The efficacy of this form of treatment is not high.

Combinations of different forms of steroids are used until there are signs of regression by the disease. Some of the medications used are elocon ointmet and minoxidil. There are some clinical trials that will soon uncover the best treatments for the disease.

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